It's unlikely that you will find any scientific articles evaluating the combined use of Adderall (mixed amphetamine salts) and phentermine since they are essentially the same type of drug (sympathomimetics).
In fact, the prescribing information for phentermine (and drugs that contain phentermine, like Qsymia) discusses the amphetamine-like nature of the drug:
Phentermine is a sympathomimetic amine with pharmacologic activity similar to the prototype drugs of this class used in obesity, amphetamine (d- and dll-amphetamine).
- Increased Blood Pressure
- Increased heart rate
There are no medical guidelines that recommend the combined use of phentermine and Adderall (amphetamine salts). Additionally, there is no drug product approved by the FDA that combines the two.
There was an investigational drug undergoing clinical trials in the 1960s, Bionamin, that combined phentermine and amphetamine salts but it was never approved due to the lack of efficacy and concern over side effects.
Side Effect Concern
In terms of anti-obesity drugs structurally similar to phentermine, they are all associated with serious side effects. These side effects include primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) and cardiac valvulopathy.
Phentermine appears to be the safest amphetamine-like drug indicated to treat obesity and whether or not there is a risk of the serious side effects listed above (when used at recommended doses) is disputed.
Nevertheless, a slew of drugs similar to phentermine that was once available on the market have all been withdrawn due to their association with those negative side effects (sibutramine, fenfluramine etc...)
Using Two Stimulants?
Going back to potentially combining phentermine and Adderall, their use together isn't recommended due to their potentially additive effects since they work the same way (by causing the release of several neurotransmitters, including norepinephrine, dopamine and to a lesser extent, serotonin).
If combined pharmacologic therapy is needed, it generally is only with a stimulant and a non-stimulant.
Certainly, if phentermine and amphetamine are used together, routine monitoring of blood pressure and emotional state should be done at the very least.
Based on your question, you seem to be a pharmacist and are being asked to dispense phentermine and Adderall at the same time, which is certainly a cause for concern.
Be sure to use your professional judgment on a case-by-case basis and speak with the prescriber to make sure they fully consider the risks and benefits of this therapy. Always document your conversations! Additionally, be sure the patient knows the risks.
SummaryCombined use of phentermine and Adderall (mixed amphetamine salts) is generally not recommended due to their similar mechanism of action and risk of additive side effects.
- Prescribing Information Apidex-P
- ^ Phentermine--a "weighty" or a dangerous substance? PubMed
- PubMed Anti-Obesity Drugs: A Review about Their Effects and Safety.
- PubMed Comparison of phentermine-amphetamine resin complex with sustained-release dextroamphetamine and placebo in the treatment of exogenous obesity.
- Google Books Competitive problems in the drug industry.
- PubMed Pulmonary Hypertension Associated with Use of Phentermine.
- PubMed RE: Pulmonary Hypertension Associated with Use of Phentermine?
- FDA FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA Recommends Against the Continued Use of Meridia (sibutramine)?
- American Family Physician Diagnosis and Management of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adult.
- AACE/ACE Guidelines CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES FOR COMPREHENSIVE MEDICAL CARE OF PATIENTS WITH OBESITY – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.
- PubMed Combined Stimulant and Guanfacine Administration in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Controlled, Comparative Study
- PubMed Clinical utility of phentermine/topiramate (Qsymia™) combination for the treatment of obesity.