Description

Simple

Clinical

Overview

GEM231 is a second-generation antisense oligonucleotide targeting the mRNA of the R1alpha regulatory subunit of cAMP dependent protein kinase. A monoclonal antibody combined with a toxic substance that is used treat certain types of acute myeloid leukemia in older patients and is being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Monoclonal antibodies are made in the laboratory and can locate and bind to cancer cells.

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors.

Pharmacodynamic

Information currently not available.

Mechanism of action

GEM-231 has also demonstrated potentiation of the effects of certain conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs. Hybridon is conducting studies of the DNA methyltransferase gene and has identified specific sequences on mRNA as targets for chemically-modified antisense oligonucleotides.

Absorption

Information currently not available.

Protein binding

Information currently not available.

Volume of distribution

Information currently not available.

Clearance

Information currently not available.

Half life

Information currently not available.

Route of elimination

Information currently not available.

Toxicity

Information currently not available.

Adverse Effects

Contraindications

Information currently not available.

Food Interactions

    Information currently not available.

Interactions

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  • Paracetamol(acetaminophen)
  • Paxil(paroxetine)
  • Pamelor(nortriptyline)
  • Panadol(acetaminophen)
  • Patanol(olopatadine ophthalmic)
  • Pataday(olopatadine ophthalmic)
  • Parnate(tranylcypromine)
  • Pazeo(olopatadine ophthalmic)
2 References
  1. 1 . Goel S, Desai K, Macapinlac M, Wadler S, Goldberg G, Fields A, Einstein M, Volterra F, Wong B, Martin R, Mani S: A phase I safety and dose escalation trial of docetaxel combined with GEM231, a second generation antisense oligonucleotide targeting protein kinase A R1alpha in patients with advanced solid cancers. Invest New Drugs. 2006 Mar;24(2):125-34.PubMed: 16683205
  2. 2 . Blay J: GEM-231 (Hybridon). IDrugs. 2000 Sep;3(9):1075-80.PubMed: 16049867