Description

Simple

Clinical

Overview

AC-100 is a novel synthetic peptide derived from an endogenous human protein produced by bone and dental cells (a fragment from matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein). It is being developed by Acologix, Inc.

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in periodontal disease.

Pharmacodynamic

In animal models, AC-100 promoted cartilage regeneration. In the study, goats with an osteochondral femoral condylar (knee cartilage) defect were used to evaluate the effects of AC-100 on cartilage regeneration. Cylindrical defects were created in the knee cartilage and were filled with a collagen s... Read more

Mechanism of action

In several preclinical models, AC-100 has demonstrated potent and selective dental tissue and bone formation activity, however the exact mechanism is not known. One study (PMID:15153459) showed that AC-100 enhances dental pulp stem cell (DPSC) proliferation by down-regulating P16, accompanied by up-... Read more

Absorption

Information currently not available.

Protein binding

Information currently not available.

Volume of distribution

Information currently not available.

Clearance

Information currently not available.

Half life

Information currently not available.

Route of elimination

Information currently not available.

Toxicity

Information currently not available.

Adverse Effects

Contraindications

Information currently not available.

Food Interactions

    Information currently not available.

Interactions

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  • Paracetamol(acetaminophen)
  • Paxil(paroxetine)
  • Pamelor(nortriptyline)
  • Panadol(acetaminophen)
  • Patanol(olopatadine ophthalmic)
  • Pataday(olopatadine ophthalmic)
  • Parnate(tranylcypromine)
  • Pazeo(olopatadine ophthalmic)
3 References
  1. 1 . Goldberg M, Lacerda-Pinheiro S, Jegat N, Six N, Septier D, Priam F, Bonnefoix M, Tompkins K, Chardin H, Denbesten P, Veis A, Poliard A: The impact of bioactive molecules to stimulate tooth repair and regeneration as part of restorative dentistry. Dent Clin North Am. 2006 Apr;50(2):277-98, x.PubMed: 16530063
  2. 2 . Hayashibara T, Hiraga T, Yi B, Nomizu M, Kumagai Y, Nishimura R, Yoneda T: A synthetic peptide fragment of human MEPE stimulates new bone formation in vitro and in vivo. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Mar;19(3):455-62. Epub 2003 Dec 29.PubMed: 15040834
  3. 3 . Liu H, Li W, Gao C, Kumagai Y, Blacher RW, DenBesten PK: Dentonin, a fragment of MEPE, enhanced dental pulp stem cell proliferation. J Dent Res. 2004 Jun;83(6):496-9.PubMed: 15153459