Description

Simple

Clinical

Overview

Acadesine (AICA-riboside) is a purine nucleoside analog with anti-ischemic properties that is currently being studied (Phase 3) for the prevention of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. It is being developed jointly by PeriCor and Schering-Plough. Acadesine has been granted Orphan Drug Designation for B-CLL in the EU.

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in cardiac reperfusion injury, cardiovascular disorders, and coronary artery disease.

Pharmacodynamic

Acadesine has been shown to induce cell death apoptosis selectively in B-cells taken from healthy subjects and patients with B-CLL, with little effect on T-cells. As T-cells have an important role in fighting infection, it is anticipated that patients treated with acadesine will have a reduced risk... Read more

Mechanism of action

The mechanism by which acadesine selectively kills B-cells is not yet fully elucidated. The action of acadesine does not require the tumour suppressor protein p53 like other treatments. This is important, as p53 is often missing or defective in cancerous B-cells. Studies have shown acadesine activat... Read more

Absorption

Information currently not available.

Protein binding

Negligible (approximately 1%)

Volume of distribution

Information currently not available.

Clearance

Information currently not available.

Half life

1 week

Route of elimination

Information currently not available.

Toxicity

Information currently not available.

Adverse Effects

Contraindications

Information currently not available.

Food Interactions

    Information currently not available.

Interactions

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  • Paracetamol(acetaminophen)
  • Paxil(paroxetine)
  • Pamelor(nortriptyline)
  • Panadol(acetaminophen)
  • Patanol(olopatadine ophthalmic)
  • Pataday(olopatadine ophthalmic)
  • Parnate(tranylcypromine)
  • Pazeo(olopatadine ophthalmic)
4 References
  1. 1 . Dixon R, Fujitaki J, Sandoval T, Kisicki J: Acadesine (AICA-riboside): disposition and metabolism of an adenosine-regulating agent. J Clin Pharmacol. 1993 Oct;33(10):955-8.PubMed: 8227467
  2. 2 . Menasche P, Jamieson WR, Flameng W, Davies MK: Acadesine: a new drug that may improve myocardial protection in coronary artery bypass grafting. Results of the first international multicenter study. Multinational Acadesine Study Group. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 Oct;110(4 Pt 1):1096-106.PubMed: 7475138
  3. 3 . Nawarskas JJ: Acadesine: a unique cardioprotective agent for myocardial ischemia. Heart Dis. 1999 Sep-Oct;1(4):255-60.PubMed: 11720632
  4. 4 . Campas C, Lopez JM, Santidrian AF, Barragan M, Bellosillo B, Colomer D, Gil J: Acadesine activates AMPK and induces apoptosis in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells but not in T lymphocytes. Blood. 2003 May 1;101(9):3674-80. Epub 2003 Jan 9.PubMed: 12522004